How can we know what is true about the reality we live in? We should admit when we don’t know something, and use our rational mind to investigate claims and seek empirical evidence to support or refute them. A fruitful discussion is rational, where participants aim at finding out the truth, rather than sticking to their prior opinions. Humans are explorers, we are driven by our curiosity to discover new knowledge about the universe and about ourselves, and innovate new technologies. These values should also be reflected in education.
We should admit when we don’t know something or when we made a mistake, be careful with our conclusions, and keep an open mind. More…
Evidence-based skeptical rational thinking
We should be skeptical of claims about reality, and accept them only if they are backed by sufficient empirical evidence and rational reasoning. More…
We should engage in rational discourse to improve our understanding of reality, i.e. support our claims with empirical evidence and rational arguments, detect and avoid logical fallacies, and admit ignorance when we don’t know. An interactive cooperative discussion whose purpose is to get to a closer description and understanding of the truth is more fruitful than a classic debate which is a contest where each side tries to win the argument even if his opinion is incorrect.
Curiosity, exploration, innovation
Children and adults should be educated according to the principles and values of Povism. They should be exposed to diverse sources of knowledge, including science and technology, mathematics, art and literature, philosophy, history of the entire world, cultures and religions from all over the world and not just from one source. Children should be taught how to think independently and critically, how to learn by themselves, how to solve problems, and various life skills. More…